Tuesday, August 30, 2016

The Life and work of Carlos Mariategui by Dr Luiz Pericas

Democracy and Class Struggle publish the above speech as an introduction to Carlos Mariategui - we do not share the political orientation of the speaker  -  therefore we recommend readers to study the two links below as a complement to this speech and importantly read Mariategui himself  here.



Chairman Gonzalo on Mariategui


Marc Becker on Carlos Mariategui and the Comintern and indigenous peoples.


Monday, August 29, 2016

Revolutionary Poet Faiz Ahmed Faiz Remembered - Never Forgotten

In the Shade of Fallen Chinar - Kashmir - Music - Art - Resistance

Moscow Doesn’t Want the Kurds to be Too Strong or Too Weak: Russian Analyst by Wladimir van Wilgenburg

Top Russian officials have said that Kurds should still be part of the Syrian talks, despite the recent rapprochement between Russia and Turkey.

Moscow has recently played a role in ending a 7-days-clashes between the Syrian regime and the Kurds in the northeastern Hasakah city, inviting both to the Russian Khmeimim air base.

Furthermore, Russia restored its ties with Turkey and did not strongly oppose the Turkish intervention in Jarabulus after talks on Syria.

The Turkish intervention was most likely coordinated by the Turks with Iran, Russia and Syria.
While in the past Turkey refrained from directly militarily intervening in Syria, fearing a Russian military response after shooting down a Russian jet in November 2015, this time Turkey had a free hand on its border.

Nevertheless, senior Russian officials, such as the Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov and Russian ambassador to the UN Vitaly Ivanovich Churn, have stressed that Kurds should still be included in the talks.

“Apparently, peace in the Middle East is impossible without taking into consideration the Kurdish stance. The current illegal Turkish military campaign in northern Syria under the pretext of fighting against terrorism is aimed at the Kurds,”

Russian parliament’s Deputy Speaker Sergei Zheleznyak was quoted by the Russian media outlet Sputnik last Thursday.

“I’m convinced the Kurds should have a full-fledged representation in that process, should remain an integral part of the Syrian state,” Lavrov said on Saturday after discussing a solution to the Syrian crisis with his American counterpart, U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry.

Speaking to ARA News, Timur Akhmetov, a Research Analyst with a special focus on the Middle East and Turkish politics, said that the Russians do not want the Kurds to be either too strong or too weak.

“It seems that Russia has a dilemma: on the one hand, it doesn’t want collide with Turkey again over the Kurds, on the other hand – Russia feels it needs to keep saying the formula “Kurds must also participate in the talks”,” Akhmetov said.

“Those statements are just usual rhetoric; it is always necessary to see if the words fit with the deed. I think now Russia wouldn’t mind that Kurdish positions be a little weakened by Turkey, but not to the extent that would render Kurds ineffective against other opposition groups in Syria.

In short, Russia doesn’t want to see Kurds both as too weak and too strong,” he said.

“I think now Kurds have the impression that Russia is giving into Turkish ambitions vis-a-vis the Kurds, so Russia will need now to send the Kurds positive message, signaling that it still wants to cooperate with the Kurds,” Akhmetov told ARA News.

Fabrice Balanche, a Syria expert from the Washington Institute For Near East Policy, said that Russia backs Kurdish ambitions to link their enclaves [in northern Syria], despite earlier signs that Russia also backed the Turkish-led Jarabulus operation.

“The Syrian regime is obliged to follow Russia. Putin wants to allow the Kurds to open a corridor to Efrin from Manbij. A narrow corridor, protecting Aleppo from rebel attack and easy to close if PYD [Kurdish Democratic Union Party] is not smart with Putin,” Balanche told ARA News.

“Turkey knows its limit: 15 km inside Syria no more, after that Russia would shell Turkish troops and its rebels,” he said.

Reporting by: Wladimir van Wilgenburg
Source: ARA News

SOURCE: http://www.kurdishquestion.com/article/3398-moscow-doesn-t-want-the-kurds-to-be-too-strong-or-too-weak-russian-analyst

Sunday, August 28, 2016

Norway : Politics over Economy by Tjen Folket - Serve the People

Politics over economy

Serve the People have been criticised for focusing too much on political, social and cultural questions, and not enough on economy and class.

Firstly we don’t agree fully with this criticism, because economical and class struggles are often concentrated in political and social questions. Secondly, it’s obvious that we don’t have the resources necessary to work with every question.

Therefore, no matter how large we become, we can always be criticised for focusing on the “wrong” issues. We can never concentrate on all issues, which is why we have to choose. Some of the issues we have to opt out of are going to be important questions we would have liked to work with.

We have to prioritize

Serve the people has commented on several different questions on our webpages. We have written articles and pamphlets on capitalist economy and the crises it leads to. We have written about imperialism, taxes, strikes and the environmental crisis. But there are two questions we’ve prioritized especially highly, namely

• struggle against imperialism and the wars of the norwegian state
• the work against fascism and racism

Choosing to prioritize certain cases over others has been an entirely conscious choice on our part. Not because they’re more important than all other, but because only concentrated and protracted work can lead to success.

But are these questions “only” political or social? We think that Norwegian imperialism is first and foremost an expression of class and economy. Norwegian imperialism is a political-military expression of the capitalist class’ economic interest to spread throughout the world. Together with Norwegian bombers and troops come Statoil, Statkraft, Telenor and other Norwegian huge companies.

With Lenin against economism

Lenin’s classic “What Is to Be Done” is written in opposition to economism. Economism is a tendency in the workers movement that only focuses on economic struggle – struggle for wages, welfare and rights in the workplace – and that limits itself to union work. As a resistance to this, Lenin puts the versatile political struggle and the revelation of the state and the bourgeois. He writes:

“Class political consciousness can be brought to the workers only from without; that is, only from outside the economic struggle, from outside the sphere of relations between workers and employers.”

He also writes:

“that the Social-Democrat’s (communist ed.note) ideal should not be the trade union secretary, but the tribune of the people, who is able to react to every manifestation of tyranny and oppression, no matter where it appears, no matter what stratum or class of the people it affects; who is able to generalise all these manifestations and produce a single picture of police violence and capitalist exploitation; who is able to take advantage of every event, however small, in order to set forth before all his socialist convictions and his democratic demands, in order to clarify for all and everyone the world-historic significance of the struggle for the emancipation of the proletariat”

“Trade-unionist politics of the working class is bourgeois politics of the working class”

Political struggle over economic struggle

In the article “Once Again On The Trade Unions” Lenin writes:

“I said again in my speech that politics is a concentrated expression of economics, because I had earlier heard my ‘political’ approach rebuked in a manner which is inconsistent and inadmissible for a Marxist. Politics must take precedence over economics. To argue otherwise is to forget the ABC of Marxism.”

To put politics first – to prioritize the so-called “political” questions in front of “economical” questions – is actually in line with Lenin’s recommendations. The question about the state power and what the bourgeoisie uses this for, are incredibly important to reveal capitalism. We can’t reveal capitalism if we only tail behind the union struggle – it can only be done through lifting our eyes and looking at imperialism as a world system. And the question about racism is a democratic struggle that affects many, and that easily can be used to reveal how rotten this system is.

The most important thing is to build red organization

The most important question both in Lenin’s time and our time, is to develop the working class’ own revolutionary politics and own revolutionary organization. This never develops spontaneously from class struggles, but has to be organized consciously with revolution as a goal. We have to build red power and communist organization step by step.

This means that it’s necessary to start relatively small, that one do not develop advanced politics in some important areas, and that one does not take part in all parts of the working class or all its struggles. That means sticking to ones priorities, even when its tempting to push them aside for more popular struggles or “new struggles” or struggles that are seemingly more “typical” communist (strikes, union work), than anti-imperialism and anti-racism.

The alternative is to never develop ones own praxis and ones own organization, but to tail after others and comment on the events that are happening, without creating any events themselves.

Tjen Folket

SOURCE: http://tjen-folket.no/Sentralt/view/12127

India: Tata Steel is Leaving Bastar - Victory for People's Struggle

Democracy and Class Struggle says only days after the Chhattisgarh government signed a Memorandum of Understanding with Tata Steel, a vigilante militia was established (known as the Salwa Judum).

Organised by the state government and funded by Tata Steel the Salwa Judum initiated a ground clearance operation to eradicate the local forest peoples so Tata could set up its steel plant. 

The Salwa Judum burned, raped and murdered its way through 600 local villages forcing 50 000 people into police camps and displacing a further 350 000. 

To keep these displaced persons in check, the government then deployed 200 000 paramilitary troops to the region to make sure that it remained a stable climate for investment and economic growth.

Therefore we welcome the news in the Business Standard that Tata Steel is leaving Bastar


Tata Steel has finally given up the plan to set up 5.5 million tonne per annum (Mtpa) green-field integrated steel plant in Chhattisgarh’s Bastar district.

The company had inked a Memorandum of Understanding with the Chhattisgarh government in June 2005 for setting up the plant with an estimated investment of Rs 19,500 crore. Since the proposal could not realise, the MoU period was extended that finally ended in June 2016. The company did not seek another extension.

Anand Sinha, Tata Steel’s Chhattisgarh project head, told Business Standard that the company had officially decided to quit the Bastar steel plant project. The delay in the land allocation on the part of state government’s agencies was learnt to be the reason behind the move.

The company had selected site near Lohandiguda in Bastar district, otherwise infamous for the Naxal violence. About 2000 hectares of land spread across 10 villages was required. Since the pocket had been notified as “tribal area”, the company could not directly purchase land from the villagers. Instead, the government was supposed to procure land and later allot it to the company.

The company was allotted 2,500 hectares of iron ore bearing land in Bailadila deposit No. 4 in 2008 to feed raw material for the Bastar steel plant. A prospecting licence was issued to the company for the mine that had an estimated reserve of 108 million tonnes of high grade iron ore.

Since the pocket was infested by Naxal activities, the company failed to complete the prospecting work within the set time following which the agreement reached with the state government for the allocation of iron ore mine stood cancelled. Tata steel lost the mine.

The Tata steel winded up its offices located in Raipur and Bastar while shifting the manpower to other locations.


Saturday, August 27, 2016

USA: Trump Loves Crazy Alex Jones

The pathology of US Politics and its 2016 morbid symptoms.

Narcissists Alex Jones and Donald Trump

A 2012 book on power-hungry narcissists suggests that narcissists typically display most, and sometimes all, of the following traits:[7]




Democracy and Class Struggle says we hear your cry Kashmir in the mountains of Wales - Your struggle will not be invisible however hard the world's media conspire against you - truth and honesty will prevail and ultimately justice.

US Policy Towards Syria and the Mockery of International Law

The call for US airstrikes to scare President Bashar Assad into submission is a call for terrorism, says former CIA analyst Ray McGovern

KIM BROWN, TRNN: You?re watching the Real News Network. I?m Kim Brown in Baltimore.

Without question what?s happening in Syria is both a civil war and a proxy war with outside powers such as the United States, Russia, Iran, and Saudi Arabia all backing factions that promote their interests in the region. 

The Syrian conflict is now its 5th year and the Syria Observatory on Human Rights estimates that there have been about a half million killed. So what can or what will be done to end this war?

A former top brass for the CIA has suggested bombing Damascus into submission along with Tehran and Moscow if they also want some.

Our next guest penned a scathing article about former Deputy Director of the CIA Mike Morrel's military solution. 

Ray McGovern, he is a former CIA analyst under President Bill Clinton and his article is titled a Lawless Plan to Target Syria?s Allies. It appears on the website ConsortiumNews.Com. He joins us today from the Washington, DC area. Ray welcome.

RAY MCGOVERN: Thank you.

BROWN: Ray, Mike Morrel appeared on the Charlie Rose Show which airs on PBS where he articulated a plan to bring an end to the Syrian conflict. What was this plan?

MCGOVERN: Well his plan is to use what he calls the moderate opposition to kill off enough Russians and Iranians and Syrians to make a point and to make sure that Bashar al Assad will realize that his days are numbers to use Morrel?s words.

With respect Assad himself, Morrel advocates a more direct role by the United States Air Force to bomb his personal vehicles, his personal aircraft, and some of his [instillations] just to scare him into realizing that his days are numbered. Now before we go any further that fits the classic definition of terrorism.

Terrorism is using violence to achieve a political goal. So it?s no stretch to say that we?ve got our own terrorist here and Michael Morrel is exhibit A. Now one of the laughable things for us to tell us as professionals is for Morrel to pretend that he?s a knowledgeable about what CIA or US Air Force can do. 

How are we going to do this? We?re going to do this in the middle of the night. In the middle of the night we?re going to send the Air Force planes in and we?ll destroy his installations, personal aircraft, and then we won?t do it overtly but they?ll get the message. 

Okay the terrorist message. Now you know those of us who have been around for a while, we realize that these radars that guide anti-aircraft missiles actually they can work in the middle of the night.

You know? And there are Russian surface to air missiles all around Assad?s personal vehicles, his aircraft, and so forth.

So when you talk about naive, the guy doesn?t know what end is up. Let me just add a little flavor here.

BROWN: But Ray he also suggested that such a plan, a surreptitious attack on Assad?s vehicles and locations that he holds dear would somehow yield zero casualties. Then what?s the point of dropping the bomb?

MCGOVERN: Oh no this is just to teach him a lesson. This is just to scare him. You don?t want to kill him.

He said no this is not about assassination. We?re going to go in the middle of the night. We?re going to blaze around and that way we?have zero casualties.

Again, as though he doesn?t know that there are people around in the middle of the night and that there are people manning these surface to air missiles.

What I was going to say before is that this reminds me after Armstrong stepped on the moon there was a prominent astronaut from a NATO country that said tomorrow our astronaut is going to land on the Sun. And the press kind of laughed at that statement. One person said don?t you think it?ll be a little hot on the sun? I?m glad you asked that question. We?re going to go in the night time. He was also going to go in the night time to destroy all the things he wants to scare Assad with.

BROWN: So Ray we?re talking about the August 17th appearance on Charlie Rose. And Charlie Rose was pummeling him. Not really pummeling him but peppering him lightly with questions about US enemies and what perhaps our future engagements are going to be.

So let me tug on your expertise here as a CIA analyst or former CIA analyst because we have some triangulation of ally-ship here.

So we have Bashar al Assad leader in Syria who is being backed by Vladimir Putin in Russia. And now Iran is also in this mix of actors. So explain how Former Deputy Director Morrel's comments also brought Tehran and Moscow up possibly on the list of places to be bombed in order to end the Syrian conflict.

MCGOVERN: Well he wasn?t that specific. He?s not talking about bombing Tehran or Moscow. And realize that this is his do over. This is his mulligan. His second try. This is the 17th of August. His first try was on the 8th of August. Never have I ever seen one person interviewed by Charlie Rose 9 days later.

This was to make amends to make sure that people didn?t think that Mike Morrel was advocating bombing Moscow or Tehran.

Now what he did do of course was indicate that he?s in great favor of--he favors terrorism and he favors overt war without any regard to international law against state [inaud.] government and internationally recognized. They call it a regime but it?s a government. It?s in Damascus and it?s headed by Bashar al Assad.

BROWN: And also as we are looking at the Syrian conflict and also in the process of electing our next president in November. In part of this interview with Mike Morrel, Charlie Rose asked him about his relationship with Hillary Clinton whom he has endorsed for president and in part of your article you describe it as a fawning audition. What do you mean by that?

MCGOVERN: Well it?s a try. He?s trying to appear just as tough as Hillary Clinton and indeed what he?s advocating is pretty much what Hillary Clinton advocated and implemented in Libya and now wants to do it in Syria. It's a very crass attempt to say I?m only 58 and I?m ready to come back into your administration.

We talk about tough guys, tough gals, Michael Morrel I?m going to do it in the middle of the night and I?m going to scare them to death.

BROWN: So speaking of in the middle of the night, in your piece you detail how what Morrel is suggesting is illegal under international law.

However, the United States is not shy about either engaging in such acts itself or even supporting such acts itself and I am speaking specifically about the Saudi Arabian led coalition bombings in Yemen to the point that it has caused Doctors Without Borders, Médecins Sans Frontières, to withdraw from northern Yemen because they?ve had I believe 3 hospitals bombed in the past few years. This is not something new to us.

MCGOVERN: That?s right Kim. Now what you really have to do is go back to right after 9/11 actually. On the evening of 9/11, here?s Bush and Cheney and George Tenent and Richard Clarke who recorded this in his book. Now someone says now if you want to go after Iraq that?s against international law because Iraq didn?t have anything to do with 9/11 or what happened this morning. And Bush says and I quote ?I don?t care what the international lawyers say I?m going to kick some ass?. End quote. [Inaud.] Richard Clarke put it in his book, he was there.

Now that set the tone okay. International law really doesn?t matter to the United States anymore. And when you have the Saudis doing what they?re doing and we?re selling lots of bombs and missiles so that they can do it with for a lot of money for the military industrial complex, well international law doesn?t matter. This week Turkey invaded the sovereign country of Syria. 

I haven?t seen one person in any video say, well Turkey?s a member of NATO right? Are we in the practice of invading other countries? Let?s say the Syrian Air Force retaliated in Turkey. Wouldn?t we bound under article 5 of the NATO treaty to help Turkey repel the bombing or whatever from Syria?

It has really become [surrealistic] international law not for the main superpower in the world. It doesn?t really apply anymore. And that?s a sad state of affairs and that?s where Mike Morrel, Hillary Clinton, Trump, everybody sort of fits in and assumes that since we are the sole indispensable country in the world, that means all the other countries are what? Dispensable. We can do whatever we want. We don?t care what the international lawyers say, we?re going to do what we want.

BROWN: Ray if you were advising this president or even perhaps the next president, what would you tell them to do regarding Syria? Because the Syrian conflict has not been contained. It actually as you just mentioned about Turkey now engaging within Syrian territory, it?s expanding and it?s really pulling in a lot of our regional allies and some of our regional enemies as well. And it is going to require at some point the United States to take some kind of action. So if you were advising this president or the next president, what would you tell them to do?

MCGOVERN: Well Kim we don?t advise presidents what to do. What we do is try to educate them as to what the real factors are. Now it could be because the press is so miserable on this that Obama doesn?t really know [inaud.] who is profiting from this dismemberment of Syria. 

The answer is very simple. The state of Israel. Now 3 years ago the head of the Jerusalem Bureau of the New York Times visited top Israeli officials and said this Syria is really getting out of hand. What?s your preferred outcome?

And they say well you know this doesn?t sound really good. I?m not very humanitarian but our preferred outcome is no outcome. And Rudoren says I beg your pardon? He says well again it doesn?t sound very good but as long as the Sunni and Shia are at each other?s throats killing each other off it?s sort of like a playoff game.

You don?t want either side to win but you don?t either side to lose either. And so as long as this continues Hezbollah can?t be resupplied through Syria and Israel has nothing to fear from Syria. End quote. First page of the New York Times September 4, 2013. Look it up.

Now it?s very clear from Hillary Clinton?s own emails that this is precisely her preference, regime change. Making sure that Israel?s ?nuclear monopoly? remains intact. So it?s very clear that this policy towards Syria which is resulted in a half million killed, 2 million people refugee. It?s unconscionable. And who profits from it? Who egged us on? Israel.

But you can?t say that in the mainstream media. So most Americans are completely oblivious to the fact that Hillary Clinton and to an extent John Kerry, have been really carrying out the polices of the neocons who can really, they have difficulty drawing a distinction between the preferred policies of Israel and the preferred policies of the United States of America. That is very noxious.

BROWN: His article is titled A Lawless Plan to Target Syria?s Allies. You can find it online at ConsortiumNews.Com. We?ve been speaking with Ray McGovern. He?s a former analyst at the CIA under President Bill Clinton. He?s been joining us today from the Washington, DC area. Ray as always thank you so much for your insight and your expertise with us.

MCGOVERN: You?re most welcomed Kim.

BROWN: And thank you for watching the Real News Network.
DISCLAIMER: Please note that transcripts for The Real News Network are typed from a recording of the program. TRNN cannot guarantee their complete accuracy.

YPG Official: Turkey’s Target in Syria are the Kurds, not ISIS

In a new message to Turkey, spokesman of the Kurdish YPG forces, Redur Xelil, said Friday that no one should make excuses to attack headquarters of the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) west of the Euphrates.

The Turkish army on Friday attacked the Kurdish-led SDF forces with artillery shelling, after the SDF-linked Jarabulus Military Council took the villages of Amarinah, Magara and Babalah north of Manbij and around seven kilometers from Jarabulus in northern Syria.

Turkey accused the YPG of using the SDF-label in order to take more territory, according to the Turkish state news agency Anadolu.

Xelil suggested that Turkey should not attack the SDF forces under the pretext of hitting YPG.

“Our forces have withdrawn from those areas and giving their support to the Manbij Military Council after the city was liberated [from ISIS],” the YPG spokesman said.

“Any attack against Manbij would be an attack against the people and the Military and Civilian Council of Manbij which is formed by their citizens and have the right to manage the issues of their region and protect it,” he said.

The US coalition is increasingly worried about the tensions between the two competing forces.

Pentagon spokesman Peter Cook told reporters on Thursday that the Manbij operation is not over yet.

“Again, Manbij is not complete. There are forces that are still taking out pockets of resistance.
There’s been a movement as appropriate back east of the Euphrates, and we have every reason to believe that that will continue,” he said.

However, Cook did not refer to the clashes between Kurdish-led forces and Turkey-backed rebels near Jarabulus, while local officials suggested that the Turkish statements that they are against any de facto ‘Kurdish state in Syria’ clearly indicates that Turkey’s target is the Kurds, and not ISIS.

“We are in, obviously, close communications with all of our partners on the ground involved in the fight against ISIL [ISIS], including Turkey and our partners in Syria,” he said. “And this effort so far has been focused on ISIL.”

Reporting by: Jan Mohammed and Wladimir van Wilgenburg

SOURCE: http://www.kurdishquestion.com/article/3391-ypg-official-turkey-s-target-in-syria-are-the-kurds-not-isis